Medical Equipment – Development and History of Medical Equipment

At the doctor’s office, hospital, or clinic, patients rarely consider the medical equipment around them. Medical equipment is an integral part of diagnosis, monitoring, and therapy. Even the simplest physical exam can often require a variety of high-tech medical equipment.

In 15th century Europe, during and after the horrors of the bubonic plague, autopsies began to be performed at universities, and a primitive form of ‘scientific method’ began to take hold in the minds of the educated. Practical surgery and anatomy studies began. These curious medieval Europeans laid the foundation for modern science. They also laid the foundation for the well known process of identifying a problem, creating a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis by most importantly observing and experimenting; interpreting the data and drawing a conclusion.

Medical equipment prior to and even during the scientific revolution was based on classical Greek and Roman theories about science, which were not based on science at all, but on philosophy and superstition. Human health was viewed as a balance of 4 internal ‘humors’ in the body. The 4 humors– blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm, were analogous to the 4 elements of the universe to the classical thinker, fire, air, water, and earth. Ailments, both physical and mental, were caused by an imbalance of humors. The ideal mind and body balanced all 4 humors, gracefully. To heal, doctors prescribed foods or procedures which would balance the fluids in the body. Some of the prescriptions seem to make sense– fevers were treated with cold, dry temperature to combat the hot, wet over stimulation in the body. But when that failed, often the next step was blood letting. Unnecessary purging and enemas were also common cures, which might have helped some people, but also might have caused more problems than they solved. George Washington’s death has recently been attributed, not to the strep throat he probably had as he died, but to the bloodletting and mercury enema given to him to cure it.Not-quite-scientific medical cures are still available and used by many, even today.

Since the 15th century, Western science has focused on examining and observing the body, and has created tools to make this easier. X-ray imaging and today MRI devices are merely extensions of the first autopsies and anatomical studies, which strove to understand how the human body actually operates. Diagnostic instruments like ophthalmoscopes, blood pressure monitors, and stethoscopes are likewise extensions of the medieval examination. Exam tables, gloves, and other medical accessories are simply the newest versions of tools that have been used for centuries. Medical technology and medical knowledge feed off of each other. Take for instance hypertension. Although devices for measuring blood pressure have existed for over 100 years, only in the last 20 years have the connections of blood pressure to disease, genetics, and lifestyle been fully explored. As the importance of measuring blood pressure increased, new technologies were explored to keep accurate measurements and records. It wasn’t until the prevalence of automatic blood pressure monitors that a correlation could be made between readings taken by a human and readings taken in a controlled, isolated environment. The medical equipment and the medical knowledge then form a constantly twisting Gordian Knot, one side tightening, as the other loosens, back and forth.

What does the future hold for this push and pull of technology and scientific inquiry? Recent developments in nanotechnology and genetics, along with more and more powerful supercomputers might create a situation where what it means to be human actually changes, due to technology. For example, scientists have actually created simple life forms out of previously non-living DNA material. While it doesn’t seem that dramatic at first glance, it’s an important development. Medical equipment acts as an extension for investigation of the how’s and why’s of the human body, and as science catches up and surpasses the investigations, completely new kinds of medical diagnosis, monitoring and therapy may result. Imagine the ability to grow new organs inside the body. Limb re-growth is possible in other organisms, why not in humans? And if it is possible, would the developments be truly ‘human?’ The future is unknowable; the only aspect about it we can understand is that it will look nothing like we could have previously imagined. In retrospect, we’ll see the signs, like we always do, but this is hindsight, not foresight. Presently, technology marches forward and it continues, as a process, to change human life.

The Biggest Online Dating Mistakes Men Make

Dating has completely changed from your parent's era, or even your own if you are an older individual entering the scene after a long absence! Today, online dating is everywhere and if the television and online ads are to be believed people are falling in love all over the place! Unfortunately, this is not really an accurate depiction of the online dating world. Sorry, no magical instant connections in most cases. Do not be alarmed, however, there are some things you can do, or more accurately not do to create a more successful experience. Here are just a few of the biggest online dating mistakes men make.

Bedroom Focus

What type of dating site are you using? If it is one billed as a romantic gathering place where most clients are trying to find "the one", you are not going to get very far with a bedroom focused approach. Do not bombard the women with requests to "slip into something more comfortable" and take pictures or other such non-sense. There are places you can meet others with this same agenda, just be sure that is the type of site you are using if it is your goal! Otherwise you are going to wind up with a number of rejections and sometimes even a few women who will tell you where to go.

Read, Read and Read Again!

People are visual beings and it can be hard sometimes to realize you should read the profile, particularly if the woman depicted is as they say, smokin 'hot! Yet, you really should read her profile because somewhere along the way there are bound to be some deal breakers for her, for instance if you smoke or drink. Probably one of the biggest complaints women have about online dating is the fact that men do not go past their profile picture. Remember, you are here to meet women you are compatible with on many levels, not just physical.

Long Winded

When you have mastered the above issues, it is time to send out some emails. While you should read everything she posted on her profile you do not need to have hit every point in your return email. Sending her a War and Peace sized missive will likely get you relegated to the trash before the first paragraph is read. Keep it engaging, simple and short for the best results. Think about it, online dating clients are likely getting several emails per day!

Sites

Where are you spending your online dating budget? There are so many sites out there it is enough to make your head spin and you may be tempted to opt for the cheapest alternative. This could be a big mistake! You will be much better served to stick with the big names in the business, particularly if you are new to the process. These companies have a proved track record and a much larger clientele. More members means a better chance you will meet someone you are compatible with.

Final Thoughts

These are just a few of the biggest mistakes men make in online dating. Other things you will want to avoid are poor spelling, bad pictures, incomplete profiles (yours) and lying on your profile. What is the point of making yourself out to be someone you are not?

A Home Insurance Guide For New Home Owners

To cover your private home, you need the best insurance policy which is the home insurance policy. It offers personal insurance protections, and liability insurance for home accidents.

Home insurance policies work with time. This means it expires. This policy has 7 major types;
i. Major homeowners insurance: this covers both the home and property against losses caused by disasters like vehicles; fire (lightening, volcano eruption, aircraft, wind, vandalism, self damages, smoke, theft, explosion and others.
ii. Also the basic homeowners insurance covers damages done by falling objects, water, electricity and snow including the first coverage.
iii. This covers the above coverage and also special items.
iv. This plan is also called renters insurance coverage and it protects and covers personal items / properties.
v. This particular plan provides your building and property full risk coverage.
vi. Your personal property is covered from disaster and it is called cadmium coverage.
vii. This plan insures older homes with historic value and it is restricted to monetary values ​​and repairs of the items in question.

Without insurance, you can still legally own a house. But it will be hard to establish a business relationship with any mortgagor.

When you desire a home desire a house insurance policy, you will be asked to present information on your kind of house, the value of your possession, and the kind of coverage you want. Your premium rate will be determined by the kind of liability coverage you desire.

To get a policy with reduced rate you need homeowners' insurance quotes.

Where to get the cheapest quotes from a trusted websites?

Top Workplace Harassment Questions

Harassment at work is a form of employee discrimination. It has many forms with varying degrees of seriousness and legal implication. While it is a violation of the 1964 Civil Rights act, it can often be difficult to prove in a court of law. This can lead to unanswered questions. Below are five of the most common workplace harassment questions.

Q. What are some types of workplace harassment?

Harassment at work includes sexual, racial, religious, and age-related harassment. The fear of losing a job keeps many employees from reporting harassment. Many employers have what is called an "at will" employment. If you are an "at will" employee, technically you can be terminated for no reason at all. Since this is usually your word vs. their word, it becomes difficult to prove. However, if you can prove the harassment – possibly with witnesses or pictures – this could be an important factor in your case.

Q. What is the difference between workplace harassment vs. a hostile working environment?

Harassment at work is any type of unwelcome action taken by either one employee towards another, or by members of management to subordinates. Management includes supervisors, the boss / owner or any person in a position of authority. Any unwelcome action towards an employee that violates the employee from performing job duties or makes the employee feel violated or uneasy can be considered workplace harassment.

A hostile work environment is when an employee experiences acts that provoke fear of going to work. Often, these acts are offensive intimidation initiated by the harasser. Yelling, being rude, and creating an environment full of severe stress results in a hostile work environment. Typically, hostile work situations are created by a boss or manager to provoke an employee or employees to quit their job.

Q. Are verbal threats considered harassment?

Verbal threats are considered a form of workplace harassment in West Virginia and many other states. However, until the harasser actually acts on the threats, you would only have a civil recourse and it does not become a criminal indemnity.

Q. Is slander the same as harassment?

Depending on the situation, slander is often considered a form of workplace harassment, especially if it was sexually oriented. Heinous lies, verbal attacks and rumors can discredit a person and cause not only stress in the workplace, but in his or her personal life as well. The law for slander differs from state to state. However, if you can prove the accusations, you may also have a case.

Q. I have been accused of sexual harassment at work; can my employer reprimand me without an investigation?

Employers are bound by most states to show that some sort of investigation was made in the event that an employee was accused of sexual or any type of workplace harassment. Employers can reprimand an employee through a verbal and written warning to be placed in the employee's permanent record. Sexual harassment in the workplace is a serious situation and can have a lasting impact on your career.